Application of aqueous extracts of coffee senna for control of mild steel corrosion in acidic environments
Electrochemical and Material Science Unit (EMRU), Department of Chemistry, Federal University of Technology, Owerri, Imo State, PMB 1526, Nigeria
International Journal of Industrial Chemistry 2012, 3:13 doi:10.1186/2228-5547-3-13Published: 16 July 2012
The inhibitive effect of the aqueous extract of Coffee senna (CS) on the corrosion of mild steel in 1 M HCl and 0.5 M H2SO4 solutions was investigated by weight loss measurement as well as potentiodynamic polarization and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) measurements.
The extract was found to efficiently inhibit the corrosion process in both environments and inhibition efficiency increased with extract concentration as well as rise in temperature. Data from electrochemical measurements suggest that the extract functioned by adsorption of the organic matter on the metal/corrodent interface, inhibiting both the anodic and cathodic half reactions of the corrosion process. Adsorption of the extract organic matter was approximated by the Langmuir isotherm. The adsorption behavior of selected organic constituents of the extract on the metal surface was assessed at the molecular level, in the framework of the density functional theory.
This study clearly shows the potentials of CS extract for control of mild steel corrosion in acidic environment.